It was seen in Part I that Specialized Meditation is of three kinds: (1) Meditation concerned with the objects of experience, (2) Meditation which is concerned with the subject of experience and (3) Meditation which is concerned with mental operations. These three kinds of meditation are intertwined with each other, because the subject of experience, the objects of experience and the different mental operations which arise as a result of their interaction, are all inextricably interwoven with each other. So, these three kinds of meditation are not sharply defined or exclusive; but they often overlap each other. Thus, meditation which is concerned with the objects of experience may often have a reference to the subject of experience and also to the diverse mental operations involved in it; meditation which is concerned with the subject of experience, may often involve reference to the diverse mental operations and the objects to which these mental operations are directed; and, meditation which is concerned with the diverse mental operations, may often involve reference both to the subject and objects of experience. Yet each kind of meditation, in a way, remains distinct, because of the predominance of some factor.
These three kinds of meditation can each be further subdivided into numerous specific forms of meditation, according to the nature of the content of the meditation and according to the manner in which it is conducted. Out of these numerous forms of Specialized Meditation only those, which are representative or important, need special mention. Thus, twelve forms of Specialized Meditation have been mentioned in the following Table (next page).
It should be noted that out of these twelve forms of Specialized Meditation in the Table, the first four are forms of Personal Meditation and the remaining eight are forms of Impersonal Meditation. Meditation is personal when it is concerned with a person; and meditation is impersonal when it is concerned with (a) aspects of human personality, or (b) something which falls outside the range of human personality, as it is usually understood. The forms of Specialized Meditation, which are impersonal, will be individually explained later.
Personal Meditation has some clear advantages as against Impersonal Meditation. For the beginners, Personal Meditation is easy and attended with joy; while Impersonal Meditation is often found dry and difficult,